Essay 的文书写作

在美国大学研究生的申请中,只采用 Essay 文书形式作为申请文书唯一要求的 学校较少,而且大多为商科专业。大部分研究生专业要求是 SOP 或 PS,但商学院 会要求写Essay 申请文。 

非商学院要求Essay 文书形式的情况: Carnegie Mellon University 卡内基梅隆大学,工程学院的研究生申请,就是提 交 2-5 篇 Essay。包括 Other than reputation, what most interests you about attending this graduate program in the College of Engineering at CMU? 300 words remaining。 What are your expectations of this program and how will our graduate degree help you to achieve your immediate and long-term career objectives? 300 words remaining。 Describe an experience with leadership, mentoring, community service, etc. What was the role and how did it impact you? 300 words remaining。每一份文书的字数都是 300 字。 

Dartmouth College 达特茅斯学院的研究生申请文书Essay 要求是Please write a brief essay describing your research interests and career goals, and the reasons you wish to pursue graduate work at Dartmouth College. Include any special information that does not appear above that will help us evaluate your application. 

George Washington University 乔治华盛顿大学,研究生申请一般要求就是只写 一 份 500 字 以 内 的 Essay, In an essay of 250 to 500 words, state your purpose in undertaking graduate study at The George Washington University; describe your academic objectives, research interests, and career plans; and discuss your related qualifications, including collegiate, professional, and community activities, and any other substantial accomplishments not already mentioned. 在这 500 字内,需要浓缩提到的很多内容。 

要求Essay 作为补充文书的情况: 

Stanford University 斯坦福大学除了 SOP 之外,还要求写作 Diversity Essay: Stanford University regards the diversity of its graduate student body as an important factor in serving the educational mission of the university. We encourage you to share unique, personally important, and/or challenging factors in your background, such as work and life experiences, special interests, culture, socioeconomic status, the quality of your early educational environment, gender, sexual orientation, race or ethnicity. Please discuss how such factors would contribute to the diversity of the entering class, and hence to the experience of your Stanford classmates. 

明尼苏达大学也要求补充一份Diversity Essay: Enrolling and graduating a diverse student body is central to the University of Minnesota's mission. Please write a statement that identifies the distinctive qualities, characteristics, and life experiences you would contribute to your graduate program and to the education of fellow students at the University of Minnesota. You may wish to include examples that address your contribution to the diversity of the student body and illustrate your motivation to succeed by setting high standards for accomplishing intellectual and other goals, overcoming obstacles to achievement, and/or helping others to gain access to the resources necessary for success. 

商学院 Essay 要求范式题目参考: 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 麻省理工学院 Master of Finance 简短的 Essay 要求 包含: Please discuss past academic and professional experiences and accomplishments that will help you succeed in the MFin program. Include achievements in finance, math, statistics, and computer science as applicable. Describe your short-andlong-term professional goals. How will our MFin degree help you achieve these goals? Share personal qualities that will enable you to contribute to the advancement of our mission.三部分内容。 

Columbia University 哥伦比亚大学 Master of Science in Financial Economics 要 求写两份 500 字以内Essay, Essay 1:In 250–500 words please describe your educational goals and those academic and/or professional achievements which have contributed most to your development. Essay 2:In 250–500 words please indicate your expected career track (examples include, but are not limited to, consulting, banking, asset management, research and modeling, risk management, etc.) and describe how the Master of Science in Financial Economics will help you attain your career goals. Please be specific.概括起来 说,就是写关于学习目标、职业规划两个方面的两份 Essay。 

New York University 纽约大学的 MS in Accounting 会计硕士只需要写一份 500 字 的 Essay,包含 Why do you wish to pursue this degree? What do you see yourself doing professionally upon graduation? 其实也是择校原因和职业规划的问题。

普林斯顿大学对于Essay 的写作建议 Essays and personal statements afford you an opportunity to present your personal, educational and professional background while sharing your motivation to pursue an advanced degree — in essence, to tell your story. 

Know the Goal 

Admissions committees evaluate not only your credentials, but also your ability to express thoughts and opinions in a clear, concise manner. Reflect on the uniqueness of your background. Be specific about your goals. Your essay should convince the committee that you would be a valuable new member of their program. 

Write a Winning Essay An effective personal statement or essay employs effective storytelling. This includes providing an introduction that draws your reader’s attention, paragraphs with main points and supporting details and a strong, persuasive conclusion. 

Begin with brainstorming. 

Ask yourself a few questions to get the ideas flowing: 

· How has Princeton prepared you for graduate study? Consider your courses, independent junior- or senior-year research and academic achievements. 

· How has work experience prepared you? Consider your internships, summer jobs and volunteer work. 

· What are your influences? Consider courses, teachers, special programs and community service. 

· What do you hope to gain? How will graduate study advance your goals? 

·What motivates you to pursue an advanced degree? Consider your unique interests, skills and values. 

· Where do you see yourself headed? How does this degree allow you to accomplish your goals? 

· Why here? Why are you interested in this particular graduate program and specific institution? 

Create an outline. 

Using your responses to the questions above, create an outline for your essay. 

· Focus. Select three or four main aspects of your background that you want to highlight in your essay. 

· Showcase qualifications. Match your background and goals to the mission of the program. 

· Be memorable. Illustrate that you are a unique candidate using relevant skills, abilities and accomplishments. 

Follow directions.

 Schools often have different requirements for essays or personal statements. Review them carefully for each program to which you are applying. It is very important to address all aspects of the questions or topics they present while staying within the stated length requirements. 

Be concise, specific and complete. 

You will need to cover a range of topics in a limited amount of space. Focus on themes and specific goal statements rather than attempting to provide a biography. Provide specific, unique examples — and don’t generalize. Instead of saying “I like to help people,” showcase volunteer work and articulate how that experience influenced your decision to enter your chosen field. 

Revise, and then seek feedback. 

With a first draft complete, revise and edit. Focus on the details and structure of your argument. Share it with others. Outside readers can help you make improvements. 

· Leverage your network. Faculty, friends and family are great possibilities. 

· Visit Career Services. Schedule an appointment with a career adviser. 

· Applying to business or law school? PreLaw and Pre-Business Advisors are available. 

· Applying to medical school? Consult the Office of Health ProfessionsAdvising. 

Develop a final draft. 

Having shared your draft, revise as you see fit. Ultimately, you need to feel confident that this is the best reflection of you and your background. 

Proofread! 

Be sure to proofread the final draft several times before submitting your personal statement. Your essay must be error-free.
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